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How sustainable is COS ?

COS & sustainability


COS
Reasonable, could be better Click here for score rapport: 14 out of 31

Sustainability summary

COS has achieved the C-label. With this score, COS is on its way towards sustainability, but more improvement is needed. Brand owner H&M Group implements several policy measures to reduce the climate emissions of its own operations and in the supply chain. Around 25% of H&M Groups total consumption of raw materials is made from more environmentally friendly materials, such as organic cotton. H&M Group has signed the Detox Commitment to eliminate hazardous chemical groups from its production and received the 'Avant-Garde' status from Greenpeace. H&M Group collaborates with several organisations, such as Ethical Trading Initiative, to improve the labor conditions in its supply chain. Thereby the company annually reports about the improvements and problems regarding the labour conditions at its suppliers and publishes a supplier list.

Brand owner: H&M Group
Head office: Stockholm, Sweden
Sector: Premium brands
Categories : Male, Female, Kids
Free Tags: H&M Group, Bags, Shirts, Jackets, Dress, Shoes, Boots

What's your sustainability news about COS?

COS sustainability score report

Last edited: 15 August 2018 by Amanda
Last reviewed: 27 April 2017 by Mario

Questions about Climate Change/ Carbon Emissions

3 out of 6
1. Is there a policy for the brand to minimize, reduce or compensate carbon emissions? H&M Group (brand owner of COS) implements several measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, such as using renewable electricity, increasing energy efficiency in stores, and is also trying to raise awareness for climate change beyond its own operations (see link, page 47). Source
2. Has the brand (company) disclosed the annual absolute carbon footprint of its 'own operations' (Scope 1 & 2) and has the brand already reduced or compensated 10% of these emissions in the last 5 years? H&M Group's climate footprint of own operations (Scope 1&2 / according to the ‘market-based’ methodology by GHG) decreased from 154,753 tons of CO2e in 2015 to 63,690 tons of CO2e in 2017. This represents a decrease of around 56% (see link, page 28 & 52). Source
3. Is at least 50% of the electricity used by the brand (company) generated from renewable resources, such as wind or solar energy? For 2017, H&MGroup reports to have used 96% renewable energy on total electricity consumption. Thereby H&M Group refers to schemes like REC, I-REC and GO certificates. Partly, renewable energy is generated on-site too. Generally however, sources of supply, type of energy and additionality are not specified clear enough (see link, page 50). Source
4. Is all the electricity used by the brand (company) generated from renewable resources, such as wind or solar energy? See remark for carbon emissions policy question 3. Source
5. Has the brand (company) set a target to reduce its absolute ‘own operations’ carbon emissions by at least 20% within the next 5 years? H&M Group aims to be climate positive by 2040, but doesn't specify clear target goal milestones for a reduction of greenhouse gas emissions on its way to 2040 (see link, page 28 & 47). Source
6. Does the brand (company) also have a policy to reduce/compensate carbon emissions generated from the product supply chain that is beyond own operations (Scope 3)? H&M Group implements several measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the production chain that is beyond own operations. In addition H&M Group publishes concrete outcomes, which include greenhouse gas emission reductions achieved (see link, page 49 & 52). Source

Questions about Environmental Policy

5 out of 12
1. Does the brand (company) use environmentally 'preferred' raw materials for more than 5% of its volume? In 2017, 35.5% of H&M Group’s (brand owner of Cos) materials processed were made of more sustainable raw materials, such as recycled materials or organic and BCI cotton. But, H&M Group does not specify clearly, which other 'sustainably sourced materials' are included. A share higher than 10% can be considered certain however (see link, page 35–38). Source
2. Does the brand (company) use environmentally 'preferred' raw materials for more than 10% of its volume? See remark for environmental policy question 1. Source
3. Does the brand (company) use environmentally 'preferred' raw materials for more than 25% of its volume? See remark for environmental policy question 1. Source
4. Does the brand (company) use environmentally 'preferred' raw materials for more than 50% of its volume? See remark for environmental policy question 1. Source
5. Does the brand (company) use environmentally 'preferred' raw materials for more than 75% of its volume? See remark for environmental policy question 1. Source
6. Does the brand (company) use environmentally 'preferred' raw materials for more than 90% of its volume? See remark for environmental policy question 1. Source
7. Is there a policy for the brand (company) to eliminate all hazardous chemicals from the whole lifecycle and all production procedures to make the clothes and footwear? In 2011 H&M Group committed to Greenpeace to the Zero Discharge of Hazardous Chemicals and makes sure that these restrictions are understood and applied in its supply chain. In this matter, according to Greenpeace, H&M Group is categorized as a "Avant-Garde". Source
8. Has the brand (company) eliminated at least one suspect chemical group, such as Phthalates or Per fluorinated chemicals from its entire garment production? According to Greenpeace, H&M Group has successfully eliminated PFCs from the production of all its garments, effective by 2016 (see link, page 10). Source
9. Has the brand (company) eliminated at least three suspect chemical groups, such as Phthalates or Per fluorinated chemicals from its entire garment production? H&M Group does not report whether at least 3 out of 11 suspect chemical groups, such as Phthalates or BFRs can be considered as fully phased-out in the global supply chain already. Source
10. Does the brand (company) have clear objectives to minimize the environmental impact of its shipping packaging and carrier bags, by reducing, re-using, recycling and responsible sourcing of packaging materials, and does the brand annually report on these results? According to H&M Group's Manufacturing Restricted Substances List the use of Heavy Metals is restricted, which includes Chromium. However, H&M Group does not describe clear results of its measures implemented, and is therefore not clear about the scale and impact of this policy (see link, page 38). Source
11. Does the brand (company) have clear objectives to minimize waste, by reducing, re-using and recycling, and does the brand annually report the results? H&M Group implements several measures to minimize waste, such as recycling store waste. But, concrete aggregate results regarding its waste materials footprint are not made public (see link, page 44-46). Source
12. Does the brand (company) encourage the return or re-use of garments? H&M Group offers a garment collection system in its stores. Since 2013, around 57,000 tonnes of garments have been collected in H&M Group store (see link, page 45). Source

Questions about Labour Conditions/ Fair Trade

6 out of 13
1. Does the brand (company) have a supplier Code of Conduct (CoC) which includes the following standards: No forced or slave labor, no child labor, no discrimination of any kind and a safe and hygienic workplace? All these standards are mentioned in H&M Group's Code of Conduct (see link, page 3-5). Source
2. Does this CoC include at least two of the following workers rights: 1. to have a formally registered employment relationship 2. to have a maximum working week of 48 hours with voluntary and paid overtime of 12 hours maximum 3. to have a sufficient living wage? 1. Yes, formally registered employment relationship; 2. Maximum working week of 48 hours, voluntary paid overtime of 12 hours maximum; 3. Yes, wages should always be enough to meet the basic needs of employees and their families, and provide some discretionary income (see link, pages 3-5). Source
3. Does this Code of Conduct include the right for workers to form and join trade unions and bargain collectively; and in those situations where these rights are restricted under law, the right to facilitate parallel means of independent and free association and bargaining? This right is mentioned, with reference to parallel means for the situation of law restrictions (see link, page 4). Source
4. Does the brand (company) have a published list of direct suppliers, that have collectively contributed to more than 90% of the purchase volume? H&M Group has published a "Global Supplier List" that accounts for about 98.5% of all commercial pieces produced for the H&M Group. Source
5. Is the brand (company) a member of a collective initiative that aims to improve labor conditions, or does the brand (company) purchase its supplies from accredited factories with improved labor conditions? H&M Group is a member of the Ethical Trading Initiative (ETI). Source
6. Do independent civil society organizations like NGO's and labor unions have a decisive voice in this collective initiative or in these certification schemes? ETI is acknowledged as a Multi-Stakeholder Initiative. Source
7. Is there a policy for the brand (company) for capacity building at the apparel manufacturers for improved labour practices? H&M Group implements measures to improve labour practices in terms of product and production process quality at its apparel manufacturers - for instance through its 'Fair Wage Method. However, concrete results, such as wages increased or working hours decreased, are not reported (see link, page 63-65). Source
8. Does the brand (company) annually report on the results of its labor conditions policy? Is at least 90% of the brands production volume from apparel manufacturers monitored for labour conditions? In 2015, H&MGroup conducted 3980 factory audits (each active 1. tier factory 1,4 times on average), and published a detailed audit summary report (see link, starting on page 29, and link next question). For 2017 it remains unclear which share of the production volume was covered through monitoring (see link, previous question, page 83-84). Source
9. Is at least 25% of the production volume from apparel manufacturers approved as socially compliant by independent third parties, such as FWF, GOTS or SA8000? See remark for Labor Conditions Policy question 8. Source
10. Is at least 50% of the production volume from apparel manufacturers approved as socially compliant by independent third parties, such as FWF, GOTS or SA8000? See remark for labor conditions policy question 8. Source
11. Does the brand (company) implement a policy to establish the payment of living wages at its apparel manufacturers? Are at least first living wage payments realised? H&M Group implements several measures to realize living wage payments at its supplying factories, such as its 'Fair Wage Method' – which covered around 40% of its production volume by 2017. However, whether first living wage payments are realized is not yet clearly specified (see link, pages 64). Source
12. Does the brand (company) annually report on the results of its labor conditions policy for the fabric manufacturing phases, including a reasonable overview of the number and region of workplaces covered by the policy in relation to the total production volume? H&M Group does not publicly report clear results of its implemented measures to improve labor conditions at its fabric manufacturers. Source
13. Are at least 50% of the fabric manufacturing phases - from spinning to final fabric - approved as socially compliant by independent third parties, such as FLO-Cert, GOTS or SA8000? See remark for labor conditions policy question 12. Source