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How sustainable is Gap ?

Gap & sustainability


Gap
First milestones, should be better Click here for score rapport: 9 out of 36

Sustainability summary

According to our sustainability criteria Gap received a D-label. According to us, Gap has started to take sustainability into account, by implementing measures to reduce climate emissions, using preferable raw materials such as organic cotton for at least some of its garments, or by collaborating with several organisations, such as Ethical Trading Initiative (ETI), to improve the labor conditions in its supply chain. Still, a lot more can be done.

Brand owner: Gap Inc.
Head office: San Fransisco, CA, USA
Sector: Retailers
Categories : Male, Female, Kids, Baby
Free Tags: Gap Inc., Bags, Caps, Pullover, Shirts, Jackets, Jeans, Dress, Shoes, Boots

What's your sustainability news about Gap?

Gap sustainability score report

Last edited: 9 October 2017 by Beppie
Last reviewed: 2 July 2017 by Mario

Questions about Climate Change/ Carbon Emissions

3 out of 7
1. Is there a policy for the brand to minimize, reduce or compensate carbon emissions? Gap Inc. (brand owner of Gap) implements several measures to reduce climate emissions, such as energy efficiency measures (see link, page 97-103). Source
2. Has the brand (company) disclosed the annual absolute carbon footprint of its 'own operations' (Scope 1 & 2) and has the brand already reduced or compensated 10% of these emissions in the last 5 years? Gap Inc. reduced its global climate footprint (Scope 1 & 2) from 505,536 tonnes of CO2e in 2015, to 447,549 tonnes of CO2e in FY2016/17. That represents a reduction of around 11,5%. Source
3. Is the efficiency of greenhouse gas emissions below 200 kg CO2-eq per square meter shopping floor per year? Gap Inc. does not provide concrete information about an energy efficiency lower than 200 kg CO2e per square meter shopping floor per year. Source
4. Is at least 50% of the electricity used by the brand (company) generated from renewable resources, such as wind or solar energy? Gap Inc. does not clearly communicate its renewable energy policy. Source
5. Does 100% of the electricity that the brand (company) uses for its ‘own operations’ come from renewable resources, such as wind or solar energy? See remark for carbon emissions policy question 4. Source
6. Has the brand (company) set a target to reduce its absolute ‘own operations’ carbon emissions by at least 20% within the next 5 years? Gap Inc. has set a target to reduce its global greenhouse gas emissions of own operations with 50% in 2020, compared to base year 2015 (see link, page 98). Source
7. Does the brand (company) also have a policy to reduce/compensate carbon emissions generated from the product supply chain that is beyond own operations (Scope 3)? Gap Inc. does not communicate a policy to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions in the production chain that is beyond own operations. Source

Questions about Environmental Policy

0 out of 15
1. Does the brand (company) use environmentally 'preferred' raw materials for more than 5% of its volume? Gap Inc. (brand owner of Gap) does not communicate concrete results on the use of environmentally preferred raw materials, such as organic cotton or recycled polyester. Source
2. Does the brand (company) use environmentally 'preferred' raw materials for more than 10% of its volume? See remark for environmental policy question 1. Source
3. Does the brand (company) use environmentally 'preferred' raw materials for more than 25% of its volume? See remark for environmental policy question 1. Source
4. Does the brand (company) use environmentally 'preferred' raw materials for more than 50% of its volume? See remark for environmental policy question 1. Source
5. Does the brand (company) use environmentally 'preferred' raw materials for more than 75% of its volume? See remark for environmental policy question 1. Source
6. Does the brand (company) use environmentally 'preferred' raw materials for more than 90% of its volume? See remark for environmental policy question 1. Source
7. Is there a policy for the brand (company) to eliminate all hazardous chemicals from the whole lifecycle and all production procedures to make the clothes and footwear? Gap Inc. work towards zero discharge of hazardous chemicals in its supply chain by 2020, through its partnership in the “ZDHC 2020” program, an industry collaboration (see link, previous question, page 107). But, according to Greenpeace, Gap belongs to the group of brands categorized as 'toxic addicts'. Source
8. Has the brand (company) eliminated at least one suspect chemical group, such as Phthalates or Per fluorinated chemicals from its entire garment production? Gap Inc. does not report whether at least 1 out of 11 suspect chemical groups, such as Phthalates or BFRs can be considered as fully phased-out in the global supply chain already. Source
9. Has the brand (company) eliminated at least three suspect chemical groups, such as Phthalates or Per fluorinated chemicals from its entire garment production? See remark for environmental policy question 8. Source
10. Does the brand (company) have a clear and effective policy to minimize environmental pollution of chromium and other harmful substances from leather tanning processes, e.g. by waste water treatment or by vegetable tanning? Gap Inc. reports a policy to limit environmental pollution such as signing the ZDHC, but the brand does not clearly describe any concrete performance. The brand is therefore not clear about the scale and impact of this policy. Source
11. Does the brand (company) have a clear target to phase out PVC in their products, and has the brand already achieved a PVC phase out level of more than 90%? Gap Inc. does not publicly report about having a plan to phase out PVC in their products. Source
12. Has the brand (company) a clear and effective policy to minimize the use of solvents based chemicals in their shoe production, and has the brand already achieved a level of average max. 40 grams of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) emissions per pair of shoes? Gap Inc. does not report whether an average of max. 30 grams of VOC emissions per pair of shoe is achieved. Source
13. Does the brand (company) have clear objectives to minimize the environmental impact of its shipping packaging and carrier bags, by reducing, re-using, recycling and responsible sourcing of packaging materials, and does the brand annually report on these results? Gap Inc. does not report on the annual results of its consumer packaging policy. Source
14. Does the brand (company) have clear objectives to minimize waste, by reducing, re-using and recycling, and does the brand annually report the results? Gap Inc. implements several measures to reduce its waste material footprint. However, a concrete, aggregate waste materials footprint is only made public concerning its operations in the U.S. (291,043 tons in 2014). Source
15. Does the brand (company) encourage the return or re-use of garments? Gap was running a campaign called 'Recycle Your Blues'. It is not clear however, whether respective actions are still implemented (see link, page 22). Source

Questions about Labour Conditions/ Fair Trade

6 out of 14
1. Does the brand (company) have a supplier Code of Conduct (CoC) which includes the following standards: No forced or slave labor, no child labor, no discrimination of any kind and a safe and hygienic workplace? Gap Inc. (brand owner of Gap) is a member of the Ethical Trading Initiative (ETI), but has its own Code of Vendor Conduct (CoVC). In this CoVC, all standards are mentioned (see link, page 13-35). Source
2. Does this CoC include at least two of the following workers rights: 1. to have a formally registered employment relationship 2. to have a maximum working week of 48 hours with voluntary and paid overtime of 12 hours maximum 3. to have a sufficient living wage? 1. Yes, legally-binding employment relationships; 2. No, the maximum allowable working hours are less than 60 hours (unclear whether 12 hours overtime are included here) or what is permitted by national law; 3. No, mentioning of minimum and industry wage, factories are only encouraged to pay living wages (see link, page 13-27). Source
3. Does this Code of Conduct include the right for workers to form and join trade unions and bargain collectively; and in those situations where these rights are restricted under law, the right to facilitate parallel means of independent and free association and bargaining? This right is mentioned, with reference to parallel means for the situation of law restrictions (see link, page 20 & 21). Source
4. Does the brand (company) have a clear and effective health and safety policy for the workers in the finishing process of jeans, at least covering the ban on sandblasting? Gap Inc. has publicly announced a ban on sandblasting (see link, page 17). Source
5. Does the brand (company) have a published list of direct suppliers, that have collectively contributed to more than 90% of the purchase volume? Gap Inc. publishes a factory list, effective by March 2017. Source
6. Is the brand (company) a member of a collective initiative that aims to improve labor conditions, or does the brand (company) purchase its supplies from accredited factories with improved labor conditions? GAP Inc. is a member of Ethical Trading Initiative (ETI). Source
7. Do independent civil society organizations like NGO's and labor unions have a decisive voice in this collective initiative or in these certification schemes? Gap Inc. is a member of ETI, which means that Labour Unions and/or business-independent NGO’s have a formal and co-decisive voice within the initiative and are co-responsible for the integrity and credibility of the initiative. Source
8. Is there a policy for the brand (company) for capacity building at the apparel manufacturers for improved labour practices? Gap Inc. implements measures to improve labour practices at its direct suppliers within its “P.A.C.E.” program. But, results such as wages increased or working hours decreased, are not yet reported (see link, page 87-92). Source
9. Does the brand (company) annually report on the results of its labor conditions policy? Is at least 90% of the brands production volume from apparel manufacturers monitored for labour conditions? In 2014, 99,6% of Gap Inc.'s supplying factories were monitored on apparel manufacturer level. But, Gap Inc. does not publicly report comprehensive results of its measures to improve labor conditions at its apparel manufacturers (see link, page 46-61). Source
10. Is at least 25% of the production volume from apparel manufacturers approved as socially compliant by independent third parties, such as FWF, GOTS or SA8000? 12,2% of all suppliers achieved Gap Inc.'s highest classification in terms of compliance. But, it remains unclear whether at least 25% of the production volume can be considered as complaint against the standards from eligible third parties or certification schemes (see link, page 49). Source
11. Is at least 50% of the production volume from apparel manufacturers approved as socially compliant by independent third parties, such as FWF, GOTS or SA8000? See remark for labor conditions policy question 10. Source
12. Does the brand (company) implement a policy to establish the payment of living wages at its apparel manufacturers? Are at least first living wage payments realised? Gap Inc. does not provide concrete information about measures implemented to establish the payment of living wages at its direct suppliers. Source
13. Does the brand (company) annually report on the results of its labor conditions policy for the fabric manufacturing phases, including a reasonable overview of the number and region of workplaces covered by the policy in relation to the total production volume? Gap Inc. implements measures in the fabric manufacturing phase, such as to end Sumangali schemes in Indian fabric mills. But, Gap Inc. does not yet report comprehensively on outcomes or results of its respective measures (see link, page 29-31). Source
14. Are at least 50% of the fabric manufacturing phases - from spinning to final fabric - approved as socially compliant by independent third parties, such as FLO-Cert, GOTS or SA8000? See remark for labor conditions policy question 13. Source